Lymphatic System

Introduction Consists of extensive network of lymph vessels and nodes through which lymph circulates Defends the body against harmful external agents like bacteria, virus, etc. A drainage system (coarse) accessory to venous system (fine) The tissue fluid formed at arterial end of capillaries is absorbed back into the blood, the remaining is absorbed by lymph […]

Cartilage

žSpecialized connective tissue having rigidity with elasticity žConsists of chondrocytes embedded in gel like matrix žTemporary žPermanent Provide rigidity & support Smooth gliding surface for articulation Enables development and growth of long bones Structure žCells- chondrogenic, chondroblasts, chondrocytes žFibers- type I collagen, type II collagen, elastic žGround substance- proteoglycans in the form of keratan sulphate […]

Skeletal System Bones

Introduction žBones & cartilage žMade up of specialised connective tissue c/a skeletal tissue žCan bear weight and has considerable tensile strength žConsists of same components ( general connective tissue) but here the matrix is solidified žFunctions- rigid framework, protection to viscera, leverage for movement Types of skeleton žAxial– close to central axis: skull, ear ossicles, […]

ANATOMY INTRODUCTION

žDEFINITION žMethod to study žWhy is it essential žAnatomy – anatome – to cut up žDissection žEarlier was concerned with identifying and naming, but nowadays, its importance is in its functional approach and clinical applications Subdivisions žGross/ topographic žMicroscopic/ histology žSurface žComparative žPhysical anthropology žLiving žClinical žRadiological žDevelopmental/ embryology žGenetics žExperimental žGross anatomy–  regional or […]